Tidepool Training Takeaway Question and Answer Key

Module 1 Takeaways: Welcome to Cabrillo and What is TPERP?

1. What does TPERP stand for? 
Tidepool, Protection, Education, and Restoration Program

2. What is the mission of the National Park Service?
To preserve unimpaired the natural and cultural resources and values of the National Park System for the enjoyment, education, and inspiration of this and future generations

3. What is the mission statement for the TPERP Program?
“To provide an inspirational experience for visitors in the rocky intertidal area while preserving the natural resources for the enjoyment and education of present and future generations.”

4. What are a TPERP volunteer’s two primary jobs?  
Enhance visitor experience and protect tidepool resources

5. When is low tide season?  
Generally, October to May

6. Besides the tidepools, name at least one other resource and value that Cabrillo National Monument is known for.
Saga of Juan Rodriquez Cabrillo, Point Loma Lighthouse, Military history, Rare Coastal Southern California Mediterranean ecosystem, Unparalleled panoramic views

Module 2 Takeaways: Tidepool Ecology and Zonation

1. We have two types of Zones in the tidepools: Management Zones and Intertidal Zones — name the zones in each.
Management Zones: Zone 1, Zone 2, Zone 3; Intertidal Zones: High or Splash Zone, Middle Intertidal Zone, Lower Intertidal Zone

2. List one type of adaptation critters use for survival in the tidepools. 
Use of shells to trap water within, use cracks and depressions in rocks, camouflage

3. What identifies the Zone 2 / 3 Boundary?  
Bot dots and a sign on the cliffs

4. In which intertidal Zone are you most likely to see an octopus?  
Middle Intertidal

5. What defines the Intertidal area of our tidepools?  
Area between high and low tides

6. What are Tidepools?
Pools of water left behind amongst the rocks as the tide goes from high tide to low tide

7. Name two types of negative human impact on the area. 
Trampling, rock flipping, ghost traps and nets, trash, pollution, disease, development, water temperature, ocean acidification, climate change, invasive species

Module 3 Takeaways: Critters Overview

1. What is there to see during summer tidepool hours?  
High tide, shore birds, oftentimes high splash zone critters, reptiles, native plants

2.  List your three favorite intertidal critters and/or name three common critters.  
Pick any from Section 7 of ebinder

3. Name a critter likely to be found in each of the Intertidal zones.  
High/Splash: acorn barnacles, shore crabs, periwinkles, rock louse. Middle: anemone, sea hares, mussels, barnacles, sandcastle worms, chitons, snails, octopus. Low: nudibranchs, kelp crabs, keyhole limpets, sea stars 

4. What are some fishes typically found in and around the tidepools?
Wooly Sculpin, Opaleye, Blind Goby, Garibaldi, California Clingfish, Leopard Shark, Horn Shark

5. Name two types of Mollusks (aka Molluscs) found in the tidepools 
California Sea Hare, Black Sea Hare, Nudibranchs, Keyhole Limpet, Owl Limpet, Other Limpets, Kellet’s Whelk, Periwinkles, Tegula Snails, Black Tegula Snails, Turban Snails, Wavy Turban Snail, Scaled Worm Snail, Boring Clam, Jewel Box Clam, Chiton, Abalone, California Mussel, Two-spotted Octopus, Kelp Snail, Chestnut Cowry

Module 4 Takeaways: Safety and Regulations

1. Who is responsible for your safety?  

2. What are the most common types of injuries in the tidepools?  
Slips and falls

3. What do you do if you encounter injured wildlife?  
Stay at least 50 feet away, educate visitors about the animal, call a ranger

4. Name two rules we have for visitors to the intertidal. 
Stay out of Zone 3, no taking stuff, no injuring wildlife, no destruction of natural resources, keep dogs on 6-foot handheld leash, no swimming, no rock throwing, no fishing, no bikes, no smoking or fires

5. Can you gently move a rock to see what’s underneath?  

6. What would you do if you see someone pocketing a shell?  
Kindly ask them to put it back where they found it and explain why

Module 5 Takeaways: Interpretation

1. There are three kinds of informal contacts: Orientation, Information, and I_______? 

2. The prime goal of interpretation is to: 
Emotionally and intellectually connect visitors to the resource

3. What are some other goals?
Help visitors learn something, get visitors to feel inspired, foster care for the resource to preserve it for future generations

4. Three tenets of interpretation are Knowledge of Appropriate Interpretive Techniques, Knowledge of the Resource, and Knowledge of the A_________?  
Knowledge of your Audience

5. What is one cue of an interested visitor? 
Leaning body toward you, arms are open, behind, or to the side, remains still and pays attention, relaxed lips

Module 6 Takeaways: Tides

1. What is the simple answer to what causes tides?  
A combination of gravity and motion among the earth, moon and sun

2. How many high tides and low tides do we have in a day?  
Two each

3. When is the best time to visit Cabrillo for low tides?  
October to May and/or two hours before maximum low tide

4. How long does it take for the tide to change from low tide to high tide?  
About six hours

5.  Approximately how high is our highest tide and low is our lowest tide?  
+7.3 and -1.5

6. Where is the best place to find out what the tide height will be on a particular day? 
A local tide calendar

Module 7 Takeaways: Geology

1. Approximately how old are our oldest rocks in the tidepools?  
70 million years old

2. What is the major geological formation on our Peninsula?  
Point Loma Formation

3. Can a visitor see any fossils in the tidepool area?

4. The darker, bigger rocks: what kind are they?  
Igneous, volcanic

5. What kinds of natural forces can change the geology in the tidepools? 
Fault movement and erosion

Last updated 6-Nov-21