Reference Manual (E-Binder)

Table of Contents

Welcome to the Cabrillo National Monument Reference Manual.  You can learn more about it here.

If you want to do a quick search to find something specific, use the search icon next to the menu at the top of the page or the search box in the footer of the page.

Version Description Document (Changes in latest version)

Section 1 – National Park Service

The 1916 Organic Act
NPS History
NPS Core Values
NPS Frequently Asked Questions
Call To Action Report
NPS Centennial

Section 2 – Cabrillo National Monument

Cabrillo National Monument

A Summary of the Cabrillo National Monument Foundation Document And Long-Range Interpretive Plan
CNM History
CNM Facts & Figures
CNM Quick Reference Guide (including Tidepool Management Zones map)
CNM Frequently Asked Questions
Seasons of Cabrillo
CNM State of the Park Report
Aerial Map of Point Loma
Park Staff Organization Chart
CNM Partnerships
Community Outreach

Visitor Center

Visitor Center Information
History of the Visitor Center Buildings
Standard Operation Procedures
Standard Operating Procedures for Radio Point of Contact (799)

CNM Website

CNM Website

Park Trails

Bayside Trail
Coastal Trail

Park Programs & Events

Calendar of Events
Junior Ranger Program

Section 3 – Safety

General Park Safety

Section 4 – Being A Volunteer in Parks (VIP)

Letter from the Superintendent to Volunteers
Hartzog Award
Volunteer Orientation Guide Summary
VIP Expectations
VIP Expectations and Support
What Is The Volunteer Navigation Committee and Why Should You Care?
Volunteers in Park Navigation Committee Charter
Volunteer Code of Conduct
Volunteer Opportunities Poster

Volunteer Opportunities
List of Self Training Opportunities
VIP Voice Blog
Read These Books
Radio Protocol
Volunteer Equipment Check-Out SOP
Communicating With and About People With Disabilities

Section 5 – Interpretation / Living  History

VIP Interpretation for Park Visitors

About Interpretation
Informal Visitor Contacts
About Eppley
The Interpretive Equation
Making Connections
Applying Tenets
Personal Performance Tips
Spanish Phrases
Learning Assumptions

Working As A Living History VIP

Living History Policies and Guidelines

Section 6 – Cultural Resources and History

The Kumeyaay Nation

History of the Kumeyaay at Cabrillo
The Kumeyaay Garden
Heritage of the Kumeyaay People

Life and Times of Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo

About Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo, Citizen of Guatemala and Native of Palma del Rio: New Sources from the Sixteenth Century
The San Salvador
Facts About San Salvador Cannons
Life in 1542
Status in Spanish Guatemala in 1542
The Spanish Sailor
Clothing Of Indian And Mestizo Women Of The “Indian Conquistadors”
The Reconquista In A Nutshell
A Quick Way To Interpret The San Salvador
Does Size Matter?
What Was Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo’s Ship San Miguel?
Reading List for Interpreters
The Story of Cabrillo’s Statue

The Lighthouses of Point Loma

The Lighthouses of CNM
The Old Point Loma Lighthouse – History
The Old Point Loma Lighthouse – Illuminating the Past
An Overview of the Old Point Loma Lighthouse
The New Point Loma Lighthouse (
The “New” Point Loma Lighthouse (Karen Scanlon)
A Resurrection of the Contemplation of H-L 330
Photographs from the Goulart and Johnson Collections
Female Lighthouse Keepers
Point Loma Lighthouse Quick Facts
Lighthouse Talking Points
The Point Loma Lighthouse Elegy
Open Tower Day Training
What Color Is The Lighthouse?
Standard Operating Procedures

Military History of the Area

Coastal Defense
Brief History of Fort Rosecrans
Fort Rosecrans National Cemetery
Uniforms and Equipment
History of Cabrillo National Monument’s Bunker
Photographic Tour Of The Battery Commander’s Station At Cabrillo National Monument
Volunteer for 19th Coast Artillery Unit
Military History Structures Map
Bunker Standard Operating Procedures

Section 7 – Natural Resources

Rocky Intertidal Zone

Working In the Tidepools

Welcome to TPERP
TPERP Service Description
Why is there a TPERP Program?
TPERP Opportunities
How Big Are the Tidepools?
TPERP Today Article
A Day in the Life: What It’s Like to Be a TPERP
A Day in the Life: Reflections in the Tidepools
TPERP Education Table
Read These Tidepool Books
TPERP Shift Checklist
Low Tide Tips
Tidepool Table Procedures
Roving Tips and FAQs
Tracking TPERP Interpretive Contacts

Tidepool Safety and Regulations

Tidepool Safety
Explanation of Tidepool Rules
Rocky Intertidal Stewardship Strategy
Animal Strandings Policy
Wildlife Policy Explained
Dead/Injured Birds Reporting Policy
Job Hazard Recap
Top 20 “What Would You Do If” Situations

Tidepool Ecology

Life Between the Tides
Defining a Rocky Shore
Rocky Intertidal Monitoring – 20 Year Report Synopsis  – (Official Report on Status and Trends of Ecological Health and Human Use, 1990-2010, In Progress)
Status and Trends of Ecological Health and Human Use (15 Year Report 1990-2005) (pdf 2MB)
Visitor Count Report 2011
Coastal Area Visitation Patterns 2011-2020
“Imagine Living Happily Under a Rock”
“Aw, It Won’t Hurt to Take Just One”
I’m Sorry I Took Some Rocks
Dos and Don’ts in the Tidepools

Changing Tides

What Causes Tides
NOAA Explanation of Tides
Fun Tide Activities

Tidepool Critters

Life in the Intertidal
Summer Ocean View Guide
Intertidal Field Guide
Common Critters
Tidepool Animal Information


Rock/Shore Crab
Hermit Crab
Globose Kelp Crab
Shield-Backed Kelp Crab
Porcelain Crab
Pacific Rock Crab
Spiny Lobster
Barnacles Overview
Acorn Barnacle
Gooseneck Barnacle
Volcano (or Thatched) Barnacle


Sea Star Wasting Syndrome
Bat Star
Knobby Star
Fragile Rainbow Star
Brittle Star
Ochre Star
Purple Urchin
Red Urchin
Warty Sea Cucumber


California Sea Hare
Black Sea Hare
Keyhole Limpet
Owl Limpet
Other Limpets
Strength of Limpet Teeth
Kellet’s Whelk
Tegula Snails
Black Tegula Snails
Turban Snails
Wavy Turban Snail
Scaled Worm Snail
Boring Clam
Jewel Box Clam
California Mussel
Two-spotted Octopus
Kelp Snail
Chestnut Cowry


Solitary Anemone
Aggregating Anemone
Brooding Anemone
By-the-Wind Sailor


Wooly Sculpin
Opal Eye
Blind Goby
California Clingfish
Moray Eel
Leopard Shark
Horn Shark
Mermaid’s Purse


Sand Castle Worm
Serpulid Worm

Tidepool Jeopardy

Plants and Algae

Tidepool Algae and Plant Life

Marine Algae and Plant Life
2010 Inventory of Marine Macrophytes (pdf 4MB)
Elkhorn Kelp
Invasive Algae
Common Seaweeds of Cabrillo

Terrestrial Plants

Plants of CNM (pdf 9MB)
Spring Wildflowers of Cabrillo (pdf 443KB)
Native Plant Field Guide
Native Plants of Cabrillo National Monument
Cabrillo to be “Weed” Free . . . even the pretty ones
Explanation of Vegetation Map
Vegetation Map
Plant Species List


Marine Mammals

Marine Mammals at CNM
Gray Whales
Whale Watching at CNM
NOAA on Taxonomy
Marine Mammal Chart
Are You As Smart As a Fifth Grader?
Marine Mammal Strandings

Land Mammals

Terrestrial Mammals at CNM
Land Mammal Species List

Reptiles and Amphibians

Reptiles and Amphibians at CNM
Herpetology and Invertebrates at CNM
Reptile Bulletin (pdf 534KB)
Herpetology Field Guide
Herpetology Survey
Reptiles and Amphibians Species List


Birds at CNM (pdf 740KB)
Shore Birds at CNM (pdf 1 MB)
Birding Field Guide
Shore Birds
Brown Pelican
Black Phoebe
California Gnatcatcher
Explanation of Bird Census
Bird Census Form (pdf 87KB)
Bird Species List


CNM Rocks
Erosion Effects in the Tidepools
CNM Tidepools’ Big Rock Has a New Home
Cross Section of San Diego Geology
Geologic Map of CNM
Rain Runoff and the Tidepools
Trace Fossils of CNM
Notes from John Pierce Harris
Article from Presentation by Dr. Peter Selkin at 2004 TPERP Conference
Pages of Stone: Geology of Western National Parks and Monuments
A Field Guide to Pacific Ocean Sea Level History
Underfoot in Cabrillo National Monument by Dr. Stephen Schellenberg
Cabrillo – The Curious Case of the Possibly Purloined Peripatetic Flying Ammonite
Our Flying Ammonite (pdf 4MB)
Paleontological Report for CNM 2012
Weed Removal Leads to Discovery of New Fault at CNM
Our Rare Coast: A TPERP’s Special Hike
CNM Geology Guide

Section 8 – The Environment

Environmental Factors
Climate Change
Climate Literacy (pdf 3MB)
Ocean Literacy (pdf 4MB)
Example of Ocean Acidification
Characterizing ocean acidification between Park Service Networks in the Pacific West Region
Measuring Impacts: Monitoring The Influence Of Climate Change At Cabrillo National Monument
Impacts & Action: Interpreting The Influence Of Climate Change At Cabrillo National Monument
Garbage Patch
Spirit of Nature

Section 9 – Websites, Apps, and Books

Helpful Websites
Helpful Apps
Book List

Last revised 19-Aug-2022

3 thoughts on “Reference Manual (E-Binder)

  1. This is so helpful! Lots of great information. Does anyone know if there is a search tool to help me find a single topic? I want to find out what kind of lichen lives in the park.

    1. Hi Danielle,

      Please go to the home page of VIP Voice and use the Search box at the top of the page. If it’s in the reference manual, it will be returned in the search results.

      Thanks, too, for your kind words. We’ll make sure the E-binder committee sees them.

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