A lighthouse and pine tree in shadow at sunset. The words Did You Know are in blue at the base of the image

Did You Know – History of CNM’s Bunker

Did you wonder how the bunker at Cabrillo came to be? Well with the help from Ken Glaze, a new document has been added to the ebinder about the history of the bunker at CNM.

A man in world war II uniform stands next to an army jeep on a bluff, next to a set of stairs that go down into the hillside. The ocean is in the distance.
Entrance to the Bunker at Cabrillo

Ever wonder about Cabrillo National Monument’s bunker? The one located between the main parking lot and the lighthouse?

What is commonly called the “bunker” at CNM is more accurately named the “Battery Command and Base End Station, Battery Ashburn” and is one of 21 military structures within the monument’s boundaries.

A map with World War II military locations identified
Military Structures at Cabrillo National Monument

The Point Loma peninsula forms a natural protective barrier at the entrance to San Diego Bay, rising 422 feet to provide strategic views of the harbor and ocean. In 1852, the government of the United States designated the area as a military reserve. 

In 1899, the War Department dedicated Fort Rosecrans and began building a series of gun batteries. Between 1918 and 1943, the Army constructed searchlight bunkers, base end stations and gun batteries on the site. During World War I and World War II, military facilities in Point Loma provided vital coastal and harbor defense systems.

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