Garibaldi (Hypsypops rubicundus)

Contributed by TPERP Becky Wieder


Where to find them: From Monterey in northern California to Guadalupe Island in Baja California. They are usually found on rocky reefs and rocky sea-bottoms.

What do they eat: Crustaceans, molluscs and other small prey such as worms

Who eats them: Larger fish, some sharks, seals, sea lions and bald eagles.

Adaptations: The adults are orange in color while the juveniles are more reddish. The juveniles also have lots of iridescent blue spots which they lose when they become an adult. They have an oval shaped body with large lips

Reproduction: The male clears an area for a nest within its territory. The female lays the eggs and the male guards them until they hatch. The male is very aggressive towards other animals and humans in order to protect the eggs.

What is their life like: They are solitary fish, meaning they do not school. However you can find them in disorganized aggregations that is believe to be a mating ritual.

Interesting Facts: They are the largest member of the damselfish family.

The common name is a reference to the Italian military and political figure Giuseppe Garibaldi, whose followers often wore a characteristic scarlet or red shirt.

The Garibaldi is the official marine state fish of California. 



Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Pomacentridae

Sources of Information:

Last revised 20-Dec-15